Monday, May 25, 2020
In this essay I will assess and explore the BBCÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to broadcast Ã¢â¬Å"Jerry Springer: The OperaÃ¢â¬ broadcasted on 8 January 2005, by drawing on Utilitarianism and Kantianism theories. Background Ã¢â¬Å"Jerry Springer : The OperaÃ¢â¬ is a British musical written by Stewart Lee and Richard Thomas (Freud, 2003). The opera is based on the famous American chat show which has been running since 1991 and is still a very popular television show to this date (AE Television Networks, 2015). The first time the musical was staged was at the Edinburgh Festival on Ã¢â¬Ë7 August 2002Ã¢â¬â¢ (Wikipedia, 2009) and due to its popularity it became a fully staged production at the end of 2002 (Freud 2003). The producers then moved the show to The National Theatre in London on 30 September 2003 (Freud, 2003). When the musical became very successful it was then decided to move the production to the West End, London later in 2003 (Baldock, 2004). One of the reasons the public and critics complained profusely was because of very bad language from the start. The opera has more than 400 curse words (Thorpe, 2005), a grown man is dressed in a nappy (who is meant to be Jesus later) and one of th e guests on the show is cheating on his partner with a woman who likes to dress up as a little girl (Wikipedia, 2009), which is a typical situation on the television show. At around 1 hour and 25 minutes into the Opera, Jerry has been shot, goes to hell and the devil wants an apology from Jesus, people were shocked to seeShow MoreRelatedBroadcasting Corporation s Decision On Broadcast Jerry Springer1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCorporation s decision to broadcast Jerry Springer: The Opera back on 8th January 2005. In order to judge the decision, I will be looking at the reasons why the BBC made the decision to air it in 2005. I will be comparing the number of people who complained to the BBC to the total amount of people who watched the broadcast using viewing figures and charts. In addition, I will also look at the viewpoints of the Christian Voice Campaign who argued against the opera. Finally, I will also be using my knowledgeRead MoreTelevision is the Downfall of our Society Essay6 16 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages However, shows like the Jerry Springer Show, aren?t or shouldn?t be watched by teenagers, because it forces a way of being and thinking into their minds. If you have ever watched the Jerry Springer Show, you don?t want to be a guest, or you always say that won?t happen to me. But nowadays, a lot of teens are doing things that are seen in talk shows like the Jerry Springer Show, because they think it?s right, since they saw it on T.V., but it isn?t right. Soap Operas, and shows such as The PretenderRead MoreTalk Shows Essay624 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageshosts and talk about them as if they know them. Even the so - called Ã¢â¬Å"trash talk showsÃ¢â¬ such as the Jerry Springer Show, have their upsides. Jerry once did a show featuring David Duke, a former KKK clansman who was presently running for senate. Jerry claims his constant shows on the clan is to let people know about racism. (Medill 1) Although he actually did it for publicity, I think that Jerry Springer actually did help us by exposing this man for what he was. JerryÃ¢â¬â¢s rebuttal to his bad wrap is thatRead MoreEssay about Censorship1357 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesviewers across the nation (150). Jerry Springer, the number one talk show. His shows consist of transvestites, the Ku Klux Klan, gay lovers, cheating husbands and wives, and the list could go on and on. He also shows all the fighting that goes on. There also is a big problem with daytime Soap Operas. To name a few: Young and the Restless, Days of Our Lives, and the Bold and the Beautiful. Analysis showed sexual activity in more than one in five scenes. Soap Operas basically show it all, from sexRead MoreMass Media as an Agent of Socialisation1747 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesleast he spread of diseases. These programs are aimed at promoting awareness among children. On the other hand, there are also television programs that affect children negatively. For instance; series such as Ã¢â¬Å"Jersey ShoreÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Jerry SpringerÃ¢â¬ and also some soap operas should not be shown on TV during the day because it has a lot of fights and vulgar language. In addition, there are some movies that have a lot of violence and bad words and children love these kinds of movies. Children like andRead MorePitch Perfect Movie Review1967 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbiggest hits. Moore previously directed the smash hits Shrek the Musical, for which he earned Outer Critics Circle and Drama Desk award nominations; Steel Magnolias; and Avenue Q, for which he received a Tony Award nomination. He directed Jerry Springer: The Opera, at Carnegie Hall, and the off-Broadway hits Speech amp; Debate, Guardians and The Crumple Zone. He is currently working on Tales of the City, with music by the Scissor Sisters, which premiered last year at the American Conservatory TheaterRead MoreA Critical Analysis Of Edinburgh Fringe Festival 2192 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageshad and continues to have an important impact on the careers of actors/performers of both emerging artists and the continuous success of more established actors too. It has launched many popular original sho ws (i.e. Stomp, Black Watch and Jerry Springer: The Opera) and the careers of writer and performers like Rowan Atkinson, Emma Thompson, Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie. This makes the festival highly attractive as not only an arts community, but platforms that can be utilised to be potentially scoutedRead MoreA Rationale of the Outline Scheme of Work for Key Stage 32201 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAnother role of RE has been to see it as teaching pupils religious literacy. That religion as formed part of our culture for centuries and without knowledge of this pupils would not be bale to understand Shakespeare or, even more recently, Jerry Springer: The Opera and Beshdi . I would argue that this is not a reason to have RE lessons. These points, if they are important, could be taught in Art or English Literature lessons. Also, it appears that when people mention this they are talking about ChristianRead More Dangerous Liaisons: Present and Past Essay1949 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe late 20th century are quite in contrast with those of Dangerous Liaisons.Ã News programs are fraught with stories of gay rights activism, voyeurism, rape, child molestation, and pornography.Ã Our talk shows, such as the aforementioned Jerry Springer Show, give us daily accounts of transsexuals informing their lovers that they arent what their partners think they are; love triangles between women, men, or combinations of the two; and incestuous relationships between siblings who just cannotRead MoreHow Does Media Affect Children11485 Words Ã |Ã 46 Pageschildren Ã¢â¬ ¢ Soap operas and discussion programmes help parents discuss serious issues with their children Ã¢â¬ ¢ Teenage girls are most influenced in their spending by magazines Parents and the media Ã¢â¬ ¢ Parents want to see more programmes on television about parenting, children and family issues Ã¢â¬ ¢ Television and radio programmes and articles in magazines and newspapers on parenting, children and family issues are helpful to parents in their role of caring for children Ã¢â¬ ¢ Soap operas and drama as well
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1162 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/05/28 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Catcher in The Rye Essay Did you like this example? Through the years of ancient civilization and culture, two things were always evident and emphasized to the common people; life is hard and death is the inevitable consequence of life. This was the primary focus of different religions of the ancient world to provide a way of life that not only accept the hard truth of life but also teaches how to live life to its fullest. Similarly, Salinger in her book Catcher in the Rye develops her major themes and characters through death itself. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Catcher in the Rye As A symbolic of Salingers life" essay for you Create order Although, this is a merely a piece of the fiction it conveys a similar message to the reader as Holden Caulfield experiences the death of his brother which not only changed him forever but also developed his personality. With the introduction of death, Salinger develops it as its own theme during the story while representing it as a sole cause for how the events unfolded as they did throughout the book. Thus, Alliers death illuminated Catcher in the Rye in two key ways: first, to construct and develop Holdenrs morals and character and second, to develop the main theme of innocence in the story. Primarily, Alliers death not only depressed Holden but deeply affected him which lead to the creation of his absurd morals and his dynamic character. Holden was noted recalling his brother as thousand times nicer than the people you know thatre alive and all and went as far as to suggest that he should be the one dead not his brother (Salinger 117). His feelings towards his brother were of pure love and appreciation and looked upon him as a role model even after his death. Therefore, Alliers death was such a shock to Holden it caused him to break all the windows in the garage and also caused him to rethink his situation and of others around him (Salinger 39). Since then Holden was a changed man from his attitude, to his perspective on life, Alliers death provided a justification for Holdenrs crazy worldview. His hate for ?phonies is created from Holden, who couldnt overcome his brotherrs death, looking at adults around him who cry about movies and plays but when confronted with the d eath of someone loved would suggest getting over it. Holden views this ideology both as hypocritical and flawed and through Alliers death sees him as the catcher in the rye who is destined to preserve innocence from the world. This idea is further linked with him being a teenager, a stage between childhood and the adult world, where he dislikes the adult world and serves to preserve childhood shown through his compassion Phoebe. Another example would be Holden fantasizing about his death claiming to have been pretending I had a bullet in my gut and recalled many instances in which he saw suicide as a way to find relief from his situation and is actually giving importance to his life through his death (Salinger 165). The Holden created from his brotherrs death is one with some similarity but many major differences with its goal to protect innocence in the world especially through children as he sees them as the most innocent from all. These characteristics of Holden are developed due to Alliers Death help not only establish the theme of death itself but also serves to illuminate dynamic characters such as Holden Caulfield. Consequently, Alliers death causes Holden to preserve innocence in the world which further outlines the theme of innocence and illuminates the metaphor of the ?catcher in the rye. Distraught by Alliers death, Holden decides to keep Alliers glove from all the other things he could have chosen he chose a mere glove. Well, this is because he saw himself as the ?catcher in the rye and imagined thousands of little children around nobody big, I mean- except me and it was his dream to catch children falling down (Salinger 224). He sees himself ?catching children from being himself miserable, depressed and thinks it is better for them to always be innocent. Similarly, he expects someone to catch him and alludes Allie requesting him not to let me disappear (Salinger 257). Thus, it was most convenient for him to pick up Alliers glove as a memoir which symbolized his goal to preserve innocence and also reminded him through difficult times that his brother is there for him. He quickly learns through multiple instances in the book that itrs impossible to ?catch all the children and either one has to live with it or not (Salinger 205). The reason Holden is overprotective wi th children also relates to him hating the adult world and the cruelty, artificiality it brings while cherishing innocence and people who protect it. This view broadens the personality of characters such as Jane and Phoebe who protect innocence in Janers case it is sexual assault while in Phoebe case it is the adult world. The theme of innocence is only presented and caused due to Alliers death which indicates that Salinger only meant to represent Alliers death to broaden ideas further down the story. Thus, it is evident to suggest that Alliers death is a major scene in the book as it expresses the theme of innocence and broadens the perspective of the title and the extended metaphor of the ?catcher in the rye. Death, the inevitable truth of life, is one experienced over 7000 times each day alone in the United States. While the reasons might range from diseases to natural cause, death itself comes with grief making loved ones depressed. Although some people get over the deaths of their loved, however many like Holden face difficulties getting through this difficult type changing them drastically over time. Salinger uses this harsh reality of death to not only represent the death of Allie himself but to illuminate her book Catcher in the Rye through certain characteristics and morals of Holden while developing a major theme of innocence. But, the effect of death is not limited to the book itself and might itself be related to the author J.D. Salinger himself. Upon closer analysis of his life, one finds that he too was admitted into a prep school when he was a teen and had a peculiar distaste for them as he too never fit into them. He later was admitted into an army school similar to Holden who would also do the same if the story continued suggesting that Holden and Salinger are the same people. This speculation also comes from the fact that he has repeatedly sued many biographers for making any biographies on him and suggest it as an attack in his personal matters. If Holden and Salinger are the same people then it is plausible that Salinger itself encountered multiple deaths in his life and if so was simply expressing his views through the Catcher in Rye. If so the metaphor of the catcher in the rye might extend and the theme of death might be symbolic of his life making Catcher in the Rye his half-written biography.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Assignment 3 Fast-Casual Restaurants in Ukraine Student: Diana Hyrya Instructor: Raef Assaf, DBA BU 536 - Global Strategy and Management Newport Beach Winter Ã¢â¬â 2016 Many US consumers want their meals in a hurry, but with more service and higher quality food than in traditional fast food restaurant. The result has been the rise of fast-casual restaurant chains such as Daphne s Greek Cafe, Boston Market and Panera Bread. The intent of fast casual restaurants is to deliver a quality home cooked meal such as roast chicken, or fresh salad and bread in comfortable setting and quickly. Many consider concept of fast casual to be a major restaurant niche that will be as important as fast food, and perhaps even surpass it in theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Additionally, some people live and work in the small towns where fast casual restaurants have not yet established and there actually the demand is very small for such restaurants because people live not far from work and just go home during lunch break. Ukraine people also state that eating casual or fast foods daily is not healthy since most of the meals in the restaurants are deep fried and can be a problem to your health if daily consumed (Yunus, Zulkeflee, Razak, Ilias, 2013). Now about position of Fast Casual restaurants compare to Fast Food restaurants. A fast-casual restaurant is a new concept in the restaurant industry. It combines concepts from the fast-food and full-service casual dining restaurants. Some famous fast-casual restaurants include Chipotle Mexican Grill (CMG), Panera Bread (PNRA), Noodles Company (NDLS), Potbelly Sandwich Works (PBPB), and Subway. Several restaurants are focusing on changing their restaurantsÃ¢â¬â¢ images by remodeling their existing stores. Burger King (BKW), for example, has a goal to remodel about 40% of its U.S. and Canadian market restaurants by the end of 2015. According to the company, its already re-imaged stores have boosted sales by 10% to 15% Reports suggest that this service can be started in Ukraine, and some companies such as McD, already started and getting good responses. In Ukraine, as elsewhere, McDonald s is shaping the public s standard for quality and service and setting anShow MoreRelatedDistinguishing Features Of The Industry980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIndustry ForecastÃ¢â¬ , 2014) The restaurant industry is a simple concept, the store prepares the food, and consumers pay for it. Some people visit restaurants in order to save time or enjoy a certain taste that the restaurant has cornered. Others choose to eat out for celebrations and special occasions. Then others want to have a meeting place or study location to call their own. Whatever the reason for a consumer to eat out, there is a restaurant for them. Restaurants cater to all of the above reasonsRead MoreStrategic Principles Of The Restaurant Industry970 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The restaurant industry is a simple concept, the store prepares the food, and consumers pay for it. Some people visit restaurants in order to save time or enjoy a certain taste that the restaurant has cornered. Others choose to eat out for celebrations and special occasions. Then others want to have a meeting place or study location to call their own. Whatever the reason for a consumer to eat out, there is a restaurant for them. Res taurants cater to all of the above reasons and take time to studyRead MoreFast Food Restaurants Affected The Health Of Customers Essay1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFast food restaurants raise a number of important issues related to health. In this paper it will be argued that fast food restaurants negatively impact the health of customers. The consumption contributes to obesity, diabetes and heart disease. However, the growing popularity of fast causal restaurants has made healthier options more popular. In the near future fast causal restaurants will either dominant the restaurant industry or the fast food restaurants will become more like fast casual restaurantsRead MoreFast Casual, Cheap, And Superb Quality1288 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfew that anybody would agree on are: something fast, cheap, and superb quality. This is the market that fast casual has been dominating over the years, and a market that seems to be on the rise for the foreseeable future. Whether it is a concept create d by an unknown player in the industry, or a Michelin Star chef, the fast casual conceptÃ¢â¬â¢s rising popularity is still at the beginning of its revolution. History shows that the concept of fast casual dining is not unfamiliar. According to ErinRead MoreThe Popularity Of Fast Casual Dining1313 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesanswers everyone would agree with is something fast, cheap, and good quality. This is the market that fast casual has been dominating over the years, and a market that seems to be on the rise for the foreseeable future. Whether it is a concept created by an unknown player in the industry, or a Michelin Star chef, the fast casual conceptÃ¢â¬â¢s rising popularity is still at the beginning of its revolution. History shows that the concept of fast casual dining is not new. According to Erin DeJesusRead MoreChipotle Mexican Grill. Chipotle Mexican Grill, Incorporated1144 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChipotle Mexican Grill, Incorporated is a restaurant that offers Mexican food including burritos, tacos, burrito bowls (a burrito without the tortilla), salads, and more. The company has been in operations since 1993, starting out as one unit and growing to 1,300 units in over 46 states, the District of Columbia, Canada, and the United Kingdom in 2011. The restaurant served fast-casual food with a customizable menu. The restaurant prides itself on serving food made from scratch with wholesome, organicRead MoreThe Importance Of Fast Food1157 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFast food has been increasingly popular throughout the twenty-first century because of its sacrifice of health for speed, but that has recently started to change. Ã¢â¬Å"Fast casualÃ¢â¬ is the idea of a more casual restaurant atmospher e with healthier food, slightly higher prices, and a better overall experience. The transition to a more innovative fast casual mind set has spurred an increasing popularity across the country. Rising awareness in society has helped dawn the rise of the fast casual industryRead MoreContract and Event Management702 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesdepends on leisure and disposable income. There are several sectors under the term hospitality industry which are as the following: 1. Hotels 2. Restaurants 3. Contract services 4. Pubs, Bars, casinos and nightclubs 5. Event A hotel is a place that has rooms in which people can stay when they are traveling where they can get food, shelter and other services. Hotels are divided into several categories such as boutique hotel, business hotel and motels. It is also classified into differentRead MoreEssay on Marketing Opportunity: Chipotle Mexican Grill1030 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdivested its controlling interest. Chipotle became a public company listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 2006. It currently has 1,083 locations across the United States and Canada. In May 2010, Chipotle expanded into Europe, opening their first restaurant in the United Kingdom. (Form 10-K Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc., 2011) 1.2 Product Offering ChipotleÃ¢â¬â¢s cuisine is Mexican. Their menu consists of burritos, tacos, burrito bowls, and salads prepared with fresh ingredients employing classic cookingRead MoreChipotle Market Segmentation And Product Strategy1155 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe fastest growing restaurant businesses in the United States. Chipotle Mexican Grill was founded by the current CEO, Steve Ells, in 1993. Chipotle headquarters are located at 1401 Wynkoop Street, Denver, Colorado 80202. The company operates in the restaurant industry and more specifically the fast casual Mexican restaurant market. Market Segmentation Analysis Chipotle Mexican Grill is a fast casual Mexican Restaurant that operates from the United States. Although the restaurant is specifically segmented
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Mathematics In Art Essay When mathematics is used in art, it combines an exact science with the beauty of the human soul. Nearly everything in art, from pyramids around the world to the placement of f-holes on a Stradivarius violin, has a basis in mathematics. The Divine Proportion, also called Phi (pronounced fee), the Golden Mean and the Magic Ratio, is 1 to approximately 1. 618. While it is merely an irrational number like Pi, Phi has many unusual mathematical properties. Originally the basis of Pagan beliefs, the Divine Proportion is prevalent in nature, and as such used in art. Even the pentagram used in Pagan worship is an embodiment of Phi. In Edward Burne Joness The Golden Stairs, the Divine Proportion is used to painstakingly plan the smallest details, from the length of the womens dresses to the width of the interior door. The Vitruvian Man by Da Vinci is based solely on the proportions of the human body. Da Vinci believed, and correctly so, that the naval of the human body can be drawn as the center of a circle so that the fingers and toes will rest on the edge. Everything about the human body has a proportion, from palms to height to ears to face. Even with all these proportions, Phi is still prevalent. From the top of your head to the floor is proportionate to Phi to the height of your bellybutton to the floor. An equation to find how many words Shakespeare used in his plays versus how many he knew but did not use was preformed by statisticians Bradley Efron and Ronald Thisted. They began by counting the words he used versus how many times he used them. They discovered that 14,376 words were used once, 4343 words were used twice, and so on. Shakespeare used 31,534 different words and a whopping total of 884,647 words within his complete works. The two projected that, given enough new samples of the work of Shakespeare beyond what we know he wrote, there would be 35,000 new words that he did not use. They reached the conclusion that Shakespeare knew approximately 66, 534 words. Their projection has been used practically to identify other Shakespearean works. Music is completely dependant on math. Pythagoras, most famous for the Pythagorean Theorem, was the first to study music in a mathematical since. He discovered that on the stringed harp, the note C is 4/5 of A, that the note D is 3/4 of A, that E is 2/3 of A, and so on. Pythagoras noticed that the notes of the strings, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, lined up with the 5 planets known to exist and that they moved along their orbits in similar ratios. Later, of course, it was discovered that the universe is irrational, but it was an interesting bit of knowledge at the time. Greek music only had 6 notes, (a minor scale, which sounds tragic and goes along with most Greek poetry), but soon these ratios were combined to create the 12 notes of the modern octave. Unfortunately, this led to problems, as musicians realized that the octave starting at A and the octave at A# is radically different. Around the time of Bach, 2 to the 1/12th power was used to create a well tempered scale. 21/2 is a constant in music and is used as the ratio between half tones (from A flat to A to A sharp. ) In the art of arranging flowers, Geometry is an asset. The placement of the flowers must flow naturally, but it must also adhere to certain mathematical constants. The florist uses 3-Dimensional Spatial Geometry to express what is wanted for the space. Also, the size of the container used is directly proportional to the size of the finished arrangement. Phi is used here, so that an arrangement is either approximately 1. 618 times taller than its container, or it is inversely proportionate so that the height of the container is approximately 1. 618 times as tall as the arrangement.
Thursday, April 9, 2020
Reviews work on need for shift from Darwinian medicine to evolutionary epidemiology in fight against pathogens from cholera to AIDS. Paul Ewalds Evolution of Infectious Disease begins with a re-examination of traditional medical approaches to treating and eradicating disease through the ages, comparing and contrasting the time-honored concept of obligate evolution toward commensalism, that is that parasite species or pathogens, over time, will evolve toward a benign state of co-existence with their host. In rejecting this hypothesis, Ewald seeks to show that contrary to this belief, organisms, in fact, tend toward higher rates of virulence within human hosts in order to replicate more quickly, thus insuring better transmission from host to host in spite of the host mortality rate. To prove his hypothesis, Ewald shows how the effectiveness of vaccines and anti-bacterial drugs can eventually be overcome or evolutionarily bypassed by pathogens such as malaria
Monday, March 9, 2020
Counter-force. Counter-forceCounterforce can be defined as an opposing or a contrary force, particularly a military force that is capable of destructing the nuclear armaments that belong to an enemy.Ã Counterforce ensures that the adversary is disarmed by destructing its nuclear weapons earlier before they can be launched, and by this way, the impact of a retributive second strike is minimized. It is true that a counterforce target does not include an adversaryÃ¢â¬â¢s population, political, or economic resources. A perfect counterforce attack would not kill any civilian. Military attacks have a tendency to causing collateral harm however. Particularly, this is very true as the nuclear weapons are used. In nuclear terms it has been found that most of the military targets are placed very close to civilian centers, such that if a major counterforce strike takes place, a number of civilian causalities will possibly result. Irrespective of the number and size of nuclear warheads, civilians will be threatened as long as the weapons are close to civilian centers (Lee, 1996).Ã Ã Counterforce operations have been found to be the most effective in forbidding the use of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction which include, biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons, at the commencement of a conflict. At the same time, the counterforce operations can be used to confuse, disorientate, and disorganize the forces of any given adversary.Ã Most of the people persistently believe that, the capability to fight, endure, and win a nuclear war makes the only really efficacious deterrent, and counterforce is the preferred strategy for these people (Hilsman, 1999).Ã It is apparent that counterforce is very important when it comes to damage limiting by the process of offensive action. Damage limitation can also come about due to defensive measures. If a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s counterforce strike against an enemy is successful, it can indubitably limit the damage the enemy could cause the country. Counterforce operations will to a greater extent contribute to success in the time of war. The word damage-limiting is in a useful manner limited to describing the capabilities, defensive or offensive, that attempt to diminish the damage which the adversary can possibly inflict upon a country. This appropriates the expression Ã¢â¬Ëdamage avoidanceÃ¢â¬â¢ for the weapons systems, strategies, and warheads through which a nation would attempt to minimize the damage it would have to impose upon an enemy during the military operation. It has been found that a damage avoiding attack calls for the employment of accurate, small-sized warheads, and very accurate mis siles to eliminate those weapons of the adversary with the slightest practicable harm to the adversaryÃ¢â¬â¢s people as well as economy (Lee, 1996). By Lee (1996), a perfect weapon for damage avoidance will destroy the weapons for enemies without harming their troops. Apparently, this will leave the adversary without a way to retaliate, and at the same time holding the adversary open to the coercive power of the weapons just like the involved nation will withhold from their counterforce strike. To diminish the enemy potential to impose damage on nations such as United States, offensive and defensive are the two ways which are employed. This is to eliminate by counterforce assail enemy missiles as well as other systems which are to deliver the warheads even before they can leave their forces. By this way, counterforce attack reduces the susceptibility of a nation by improvements in peaceful defenses as well as developing effectual antimissile systems of defense. By use of offensive, the capability of the enemy is curtailed by diminishing the total number of warheads which could be thrown at the involved nation.Ã Ã Ã Ã According to Hilsman (1999), counterforce is a relatively effective strategy due to the following reasons: it is much easier to identify the location of an enemy weapon and attack it earlier before it is operational or is fired; and as well counterforce is found efficient and effective at the margins. The targets are frequently stationary and their whereabouts can be ascertained beforehand. This means that, to target the operating and storage facilities is easier as compared to destroying missile warheads which are traveling in the direction of a target at a very high speed. The fixed targets are comparatively large and at times located anterior to hostilities, meaning that they are susceptible to be destroyed as compared to moving individual weapons. Counterforce attacks are seen to be more efficient as compared to active defenses since they stretch forth the prospect of destroying lots of warheads or delivery systems with comparatively few weapons. In this case, it is true that expenditure rates on weapons favor counterforce to a greater extent such that a given nation can easily afford the option. For example, it is relatively easy to destroy ten warheads on a missile that is in its silo as compared to destroying individual ten warheads during which they speed in the direction of their targets. Surely, as one adopts an infrastructure of weapons system from individual warhead to the facilities of production, counterforceÃ¢â¬â¢s effectiveness at the margins gets readily obvious. Using the counterforce, there is an increased probability to destroy lots of missiles by attacking the facilities of assembly-fueling-mating as well as to destroy the big number of delivery vehicles by assailing the facilities for their storage. By stre tching out the prospect of destroying a number of individual weapons at the same time, counterforce has been found to be the most efficient constituent of a theater missile defense effort (Hilsman, 1999). According to Lee (1996), counterforce strategists reason that with sufficient counterforce capacity, a country can inflict a bargain that is not favorable to its opponent. By the intra-war hindrance that is provided by the counterforce capacity, a country can have its opponent to discontinue attacking, and this can be achieved in a way that is to the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s relative advantage. It is of great importance when a country ensures that the opponent accepts a larger component of the restraint burden would there be projections concerning the war to be suitably limited. Through the use of its counterforce capability in forcing the opponents to pick out restraint, the country can have the most effectual way of attaining a suitable limited nuclear war.Ã Ã Ã References Hilsman, R., (1999). From Nuclear Military Strategy to a World Without War. New York: Praeger. Lee, S., (1996). Morality, Prudence, and Nuclear Weapons. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Discussion Questions and Participation Questions - Essay Example In order to determine if the business research study on customer satisfaction is of quality I would investigate several aspects of the study. First of all I would ask the investigator to provide a framework of the research design he used to develop the survey. The quantity or sample used was 600 people. That sample sounds like a lot, but in order to determine if is adequate I need to know the size of the population. To determine the accuracy of the study I would need to know the confidence interval the investigator used. Different dimensions of the managerial process promote effective research. For example managers have to utilize statistics in order to determine the viability of introducing a new product into the marketplace. Business research can be performed to evaluate the work efficiency of the labor force. Other aspects of the business such as production management can benefit from research design in order to optimize the quality control of the business entity. The managers are responsible over the entire performance of the business. All the different managerial dimensions affect the performance output of the business. The use of theory as you mentioned can add a lot of value to the business research process. College students go to school in order to learn about a field of study. During the learning process the student is exposed to hundreds even thousands of different theories or concepts. It would be illogical to think that these theories that we learn do not have practical applications in the real world. Theories can be used as the basis to develop alternative solutions to problems. The methodology you mentioned of defining a question, gathering information, forming a hypothesis, performing an experiment and collecting data, analyzing the data, interpreting the data (drawing conclusions), publishing results and retesting is a great system for designing business